depreciation


depreciation
1) The measure of the cost or revalued amount (see revaluation) of the economic benefits of a tangible fixed asset that have been consumed during an accounting period. This includes the wearing out, using up, or other reduction in the useful economic life of a tangible fixed asset. A provision for depreciation can be computed by means of a number of generally accepted techniques, including the straight-line method, the diminishing-balance method, the sum-of-the-digits method, the production-unit method, and the revaluation method. The depreciation reduces the book value of the asset and is charged against income of an organization in the income statement or profit and loss account. In the UK, Financial Reporting Standard 15 deals with the subject of depreciation in the accounts.
2) A fall in the value of a currency with a floating exchange rate relative to other currencies. Depreciation can refer both to day-to-day movements and to long-term realignments in value. For currencies with a fixed exchange rate a devaluation or revaluation of currency is required to change the relative value.
Compare: appreciation

Accounting dictionary. 2014.

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  • dépréciation — [ depresjasjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1771; de déprécier ♦ Action de déprécier, de se déprécier; état de ce qui est déprécié. Dépréciation des marchandises, de l or, de l argent. ⇒ avilissement, baisse, décote, dévalorisation. L inflation entraîne la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Depreciation — Dépréciation En économie, une dépréciation est une perte de valeur d un bien, ou plus généralement d une monnaie. En comptabilité générale, une dépréciation est la constatation comptable d une moins value probable sur un élément d actif. Sommaire …   Wikipédia en Français

  • depreciation — de·pre·ci·a·tion /di ˌprē shē ā shən/ n 1: any decrease in the value of property (as machinery) for the purpose of taxation that cannot be offset by current repairs and is carried on company books as a yearly charge amortizing the original cost… …   Law dictionary

  • Depreciation — De*pre ci*a tion (d[ e]*pr[=e] sh[i^]*[=a] sh[u^]n), n. [Cf. F. d[ e]pr[ e]ciation.] 1. The act of lessening, or seeking to lessen, price, value, or reputation. [1913 Webster] 2. The falling of value; reduction of worth. Burke. [1913 Webster] 3.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • DEPRECIATION — Снижение стоимости обесценивание валюты, вызванное действием рыночных механизмов и не связанное с действиями государственных организаций Словарь бизнес терминов. Академик.ру. 2001 …   Словарь бизнес-терминов

  • depreciation — 1767, a lowering of value (originally of currency), noun of action from DEPRECIATE (Cf. depreciate). Meaning loss of value of a durable good by age or wear is from 1900 …   Etymology dictionary

  • depreciation — [n] devaluation accounting allowance, deflation, fall, loss of value, reduction, slump; concepts 137,236,240,247 …   New thesaurus

  • depreciation — [dē prē΄shē ā′shən, diprē΄shē ā′shən] n. [see DEPRECIATE ] ☆ 1. a) a decrease in value of property through wear, deterioration, or obsolescence b) the allowance made for this in bookkeeping, accounting, etc. ☆ 2. a decrease in the purchasing… …   English World dictionary

  • Depreciation — Not to be confused with Deprecation. Depreciation refers to two very different but related concepts: the decrease in value of assets (fair value depreciation), and the allocation of the cost of assets to periods in which the assets are used… …   Wikipedia

  • depreciation — /dapriyshiyeyshsn/ In accounting, spreading out the cost of a capital asset over its estimated useful life. Depreciation expense reduces the taxable income of an entity but does not reduce the cash. A decline in value of property caused by wear… …   Black's law dictionary

  • depreciation — /dapriyshiyeyshsn/ In accounting, spreading out the cost of a capital asset over its estimated useful life. Depreciation expense reduces the taxable income of an entity but does not reduce the cash. A decline in value of property caused by wear… …   Black's law dictionary